Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is characterized by difficulty falling and/or staying asleep. People with insomnia have one or more of the following symptoms: Difficulty falling asleep. Waking up often during the night and having trouble going back to sleep.
Insomnia means you regularly have problems sleeping. It usually gets better by changing your sleeping habits.
Symptoms of Insomnia
Find it hard to go to sleep
Wake up several times during the night
Lie awake at night
Wake up early and can’t go back to sleep
Still feel tired after waking up
Find it hard to nap during the day even though you’re tired
Feel tired and irritable during the day
Find it difficult to concentrate during the day because you’re tired
The most common causes are:
Stress, anxiety or depression
A room that’s too hot or cold
Alcohol, caffeine or nicotine
Recreational drugs like cocaine or ecstasy
Treatment of Insomnia
There are a number of things you can try to help yourself get a good night’s sleep if you have insomnia.
setting regular times for going to bed and waking up
relaxing before bed time – try taking a warm bath or listening to calming music
using thick curtains or blinds, an eye mask and earplugs to stop you being woken up by light and noise
avoiding caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, heavy meals and exercise for a few hours before going to bed
not watching TV or using phones, tablets or computers shortly before going to bed
not napping during the day
writing a list of your worries, and any ideas about how to solve them, before going to bed to help you forget about them until the morning
Some people find over-the-counter sleeping tablets helpful, but they don’t address the underlying problem and can have troublesome side effects.